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02 September 2017, 12:56 | Katrina Lee
Such inspections would sallow investigation into whether Iran is conducting research activities or developing equipment, which is banned under the deal, that might be related to making a nuclear weapon.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) says it is not going to inspect Iran's military sites despite USA pressures to do so.
As of August 21, Iran's stock of low-enriched uranium was well below limits and its supply of heavy water was also below ascribed restrictions after Iran exported 19.1 tonnes to an unnamed country.
Last week, the USA ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, met with with IAEA officials and pressed them to be more aggressive in their inspections, according to reports. "And I do not expect that they will be compliant".
Last week, US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley visited the IAEA. But for this to happen, United Nations inspectors must believe such checks are necessary and so far they do not, officials say.
Even if Iran accepts such inspections, it is bound to demand stringent concessions.
Officials at the UN agency toldReuters that despite the USA demand that it inspect military sites, the United States has presented no new evidence of possible violations of the nuclear accord that could justify such a move.
"If they want to bring down the deal, they will", the official added, referencing the Trump administration.
"We have to be able to vet this information", a second IAEA official said, asking not to be identified because inspections are sensitive and the agency rarely discusses them publicly.
The agreement, reached in 2015 under the Obama administration, provided Iran with sanctions relief in exchange for its adherence to the deal aimed at curbing Tehran's nuclear program.
"We're not going to visit a military site like Parchin just to send a political signal", an IAEA official said, according to Reuters, which reported that Iran allowed Western observers in the Parchin complex once before, shortly after the deal was signed in 2015. The administration, including Trump, has repeatedly threatened to pull out of the accord.
IAEA monitors Iran's compliance via site visits, remote monitoring, containment seals, and satellite imagery. Rouhani also pointed out that Washington has proved to be an "unreliable negotiator, " while the USA under Trump's leadership simply "ignored worldwide agreements". Yet, Trump has violated the JCPOA and continues to hold the fate of the accord in doubt by threatening to withhold a Congressionally-mandated certification of Iran's compliance in mid-October, which would trigger expedited consideration of snapback sanctions. Following the controversial decision, prominent libertarian and former Congressman Ron Paul accused Trump of betraying his promises to the American people by seeking a new conflict with either Iran or North Korea, warning the president that any such war will put an end to his term.
The 2015 deal sought to allay fears that Iran was producing nuclear weapons by severely restricting its nuclear development in exchange for the lifting of billions of dollars' worth of global sanctions against Tehran.
As well as the United States the hard-fought agreement also includes China, Russia, Britain, France and Germany.
But critics see the push for further inspections as an attempt to politicize the agency's work and potentially force Iran to withdraw from the deal. It also vowed to reduce its enriched uranium stockpile from around 10,000kg to 300kg for 15 years and agreed to worldwide inspections.
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