losangelesnewstoday.com
losangelesnewstoday.com October 18, 2017


Humans Have Produced 8,3 Billion Metric Tonnes of Plastic Since 1950

21 July 2017, 12:41 | Violet Powell

Mechanical separation of plastic for recycling

Mechanical separation of plastic for recycling

Recent figures from Recycle Now show that Britain bins around 16 million plastic bottles a day and If a year's worth of the UK's unrecycled plastic bottles were placed end to end, they'd reach around the world 31 times, covering just over 780,000 miles. As plastics don't biodegrade we can expect to have this waste around for a very long time.

Out of the eight billion tons of plastic, about half has been made in the past 13 years and six billion finished as waste.

Even with those big improvements in waste management, it still said the amount of plastics landfilled or littered would double by 2050 because of large increases in the amount of plastic used.

Unlike other materials, plastic can stay in the environment for thousands of years, Geyer said.

But he said: "Roughly half of all the steel we make goes into construction, so it will have decades of use - plastic is the opposite". Except for what is burned, "all the plastics that we made since 1950 are still with us", he said. Incineration is the only way to assure that plastic is eliminated, and Europe and China by far lead the USA in that category as well, up to 40 per cent compared with 16 per cent.

In 2015, environmental engineer Jenna Jambeck found that about 19 billion pounds of plastic waste ends up in our oceans each year. But while these are used in construction, and will be put to use for decades, the overwhelming majority of plastic is "single use" and discarded straight away.

They say such knowledge could help offer better solutions to the challenges posed by the global increase in plastics production and use.

There have been several studies on how the plastic is harming wildlife, with a focus on sea birds.

Defense Secretary Delays Start Date For Military's Allowance of Transgender Recruits
Hartzler has claimed that the cost of gender transition surgeries would cost the military $1.35 billion over the next ten years. The amendment would have prohibited the Pentagon from paying for gender transition treatments like hormone therapy.

Originally, the researchers compiled numbers for plastics that people use in everyday situations, such as packaging, household items, vehicle parts, electronics and other common products.

The study was conducted by a team of scientists from the University of Georgia, California, and Santa Barbara and the Sea Education Association. At current trends, it said the "global discard rate" of plastics would drop from 58 percent in 2014 to 6 percent in 2050.

"In 2025, the annual input would be about twice the 2010 input, or 10 bags full of plastic per foot of coastline", she said. It is among the largest exporters in the nation, accounting for fourteen percent of all USA goods exports.

Despite widespread efforts toward re-usability, only nine per cent was recycled. Only about 2 billion tons of the products are still in use, writes Fears for the Washington Post. Plastic debris is now ubiquitous in marine environments, while contamination of freshwater systems and terrestrial habitats is also increasingly reported, "as is environmental contamination with synthetic fibres".

"Ultimately we want to prevent plastic entering our oceans, with plastic recognised as a finite resource and products created to be easily recyclable".

Geyer said the findings "tell me that we need all tools in the sustainable materials management toolbox" to get a handle on the problem.

Since nearly all plastic is non-biodegradable, these materials could "be with us for hundreds of years", languishing in landfills or floating in our seas, Geyer told NPR.



Other News

Trending Now

Blac Chyna gives first interview since Rob Kardashian's revenge porn rampage
She spoke out about the photo leak for the first time Monday, stating on " Good Morning America " that she's "devastated". She said she has not heard from any of his family members since Kardashian's social media postings last Wednesday.

Russian Federation may expel 30 USA diplomats
The US and its Western allies have also imposed wide-ranging sanctions on Russian Federation because of Moscow's role in the Ukraine conflict.

T gene therapy for leukemia clears FDA hurdle
David Agus, director of the USC Norris Westside Cancer Center and CBS News medical contributor, said on "CBS This Morning". Other panelists called the treatment a "major advance" and that novel therapy meets a "dire, unmet need".

Hackers stole guests' credit card numbers from Trump Hotels for months
Despite the Soho listing, Trump Hotels and Sabre assert that the first breach was August 10, 2016, and the last was March 9, 2017. In May 2014, hackers installed malware created to swipe payment card information in the computer systems of seven Trump Hotels .

Pew: 58% of Republicans Say Colleges Have Negative Impact on US
Nearly half of Americans, 47%, believe labor unions have a positive impact, while 32% view the impact of unions negatively . Since 2015, the Democratic support for college has remained stable, whereas for Republicans the number has dropped by 45%.

Uber to merge with rival Yandex in Russian Federation and beyond
Based on data provided by Yandex , Uber did less than 12 million rides in June 2017, while Yandex .Taxi did close to 24 million. The two companies are forming a yet-to-be-named joint operation that Yandex will own the majority of with 59.3 percent control.

Facebook to bombard 1.2 billion Messenger users with big ads
This move is in addition to Facebook permitting businesses to chat with users directly, sending them sponsored content. The chat app admits it is rolling out ads for all users in an effort to boost revenue, after conducting initial tests.

FBI Director Pick Christopher Wray Testifies in Senate Judiciary Hearing
Wray hedged, saying he was unfamiliar with the emails, so he wasn't in a position to speak to it. Wray also represented New Jersey Governor Chris Christie in a political scandal.

Wisconsin Republican Party outraises Democrats
Historically, the party in the White House tends to lose congressional seats in midterm elections. I don't agree with commentators who tell us both major political parties are in disarray.

Israel to reopen sensitive Jerusalem holy site
Palestinian rioters clashed with Israeli police on Tuesday night in Jerusalem's Old City for the second night in a row . Under the status quo that governs Muslim and Jewish access to the Mount, Jews are prohibited from praying there.