losangelesnewstoday.com
losangelesnewstoday.com July 21, 2017


Old meningitis B vaccine 'may also protect against gonorrhoea'

12 July 2017, 12:29 | Violet Powell

Protective against gonorrhoea as well as meningitis B?DR P. Marazzi SPL

Meningitis B vaccine

It's the first time a vaccine has shown any protection against the sexually transmitted infection.

As Petousis-Harris mentions, scientists are not entirely sure why a vaccine intended for meningitis also works against a sexually transmitted infection. "It is far from ideal, but it is a leap in the right direction", she said.

Back in the early 2000s, a huge epidemic of meningococcal B disease struck New Zealand, with very high disease rates, the team of researchers wrote, adding the government's request to the World Health Organization to help create a specific vaccine for it.

In New Zealand, approximately one million individuals - 81% of the population under 20 years - received the MeNZB vaccine during a mass immunisation programme in 2004-06.

"Given the emergence of drug resistance, a vaccine may be our only avenue", Petousis-Harris said.

It is the second most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection in the United Kingdom after chlamydia, with the majority of cases affecting people under the age of 25.

Fellow researcher Prof Steven Black, from Cincinnati Children's Hospital in the USA, said: "The potential ability of a group B meningococcal vaccine to provide even moderate protection against gonorrhoea would have substantial public health benefits".

For their study, the team used data from 11 sexual health clinics for all people aged 15 to 30 who had been diagnosed with gonorrhea or chlamydia, or both, and who had also been eligible to be immunized against meningitis in the 2004-2006 campaign.

In an accompanying commentary, Seib said more evidence is needed to support the notion that the vaccine provided cross-protection, but declines in gonorrhea incidence after vaccination "support the feasibility of a vaccine to protect against gonorrhea".

Celtics won't trade top young players, picks for Paul George
Plus, there are multiple rumors saying he'd like to play for his hometown Los Angeles Lakers , hurting his trade value even more. The Boston Celtics have been very patient over the last couple of years, being very cautious of not overpaying for assets.

After taking into account factors such as race, sex, socioeconomics and geographical area, the researchers calculated that vaccination reduced the odds of getting gonorrhea by 31 percent.

"Mathematical modeling has shown that even a vaccine of moderate efficacy and duration could have a substantial effect on the transmission and prevalence of gonorrhea, if coverage in the population is high and protection lasts during the highest risk period", Kate Seib, of Australia's Institute for Glycomics, wrote in a commentary that accompanied the study.

Gonorrhea's bacterial culprit, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, has developed resistance to many antibiotics, making treatment much more hard. WHO is now strengthening laboratory and epidemiological surveillance systems in the countries of the African meningitis belt to detect and characterize the serogroups responsible for epidemics to guide its response effectively; assure supplies of effective drugs and ability of health care systems to deliver these to the affected populations; protect the population at risk through mass immunization, if the vaccine is available. They found vaccinated individuals were over 30% less likely to develop gonorrhoea.

Almost 15,000 people were included in the analysis.

"This paper is intriguing as a concept, but not as a reason to use this vaccine to protect people from gonorrhea", he said.

But a team of researchers in New Zealand has some hopeful news. More than 1,200 who had gonorrhea, more than 12,400 with chlamydia and 1,000 who had both.

Kramer said that if a vaccine against multiple strains of gonorrhea could be developed, it would be very beneficial.

Gonorrhea can infect the genitals, rectum and throat.

No new vaccine has actually been developed. Though it does have many similar components, we don't know if these are useful in protecting against gonorrhoea.



Other News

Trending Now

Pew: 58% of Republicans Say Colleges Have Negative Impact on US
Nearly half of Americans, 47%, believe labor unions have a positive impact, while 32% view the impact of unions negatively . Since 2015, the Democratic support for college has remained stable, whereas for Republicans the number has dropped by 45%.

More than 100 people exercise California's new right to die
Among the 111 who took the life-ending prescriptions , 59 percent had received a cancer diagnosis and 46 percent were male. One of the terminally ill patients who took the pills was Tom House.

People won't stop stealing this company's rentable umbrellas
Zhao Shuping, the company's founder revealed to The Paper that each umbrella costs around 60 yuan (£6.84). The scheme asks for a 19 yuan (£2.16) deposit with the user charged 0.5 yuan (6p) for every half an hour.

Jean-Claude Juncker tells near-empty European Union parliament: 'You are ridiculous'
Malta, the bloc's smallest member state, has just finished its term as holders of the six-month presidency of the EU. He went on to praise the Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat , who was spotted laughing as the row unfolded.

SC Election Officials Receive Voter Data Request
Many political campaigns, for instance, obtain such information for purposes of advertising and door-knocking. Despite losing the popular nationwide vote, Trump's Electoral College victory put him into the Oval Office.

Microsoft Layoffs Expected Amongst Talk of Restructured Cloud Sales
Fortunately, as Business Insider and All About Microsoft has reported , not everyone scheduled for meetings today will be let go. Microsoft plans to cut thousands of jobs, with a majority of them outside the United States, the company has confirmed.

Shot at Gender-Reveal Party; 1 Person Dead
When the gunfire ended, one woman was dead and eight other people were wounded, including three children, according to police. The pregnant woman told multiple media outlets she lost her baby after being shot in the leg.

France's Le Pen Put Under Formal Investigation Over EU Funds
The breach of trust charges are related to a wider probe into the alleged misuse of European Union funds by the far-right party. Her lawyer Rodolphe Bosselut confirmed on Friday afternoon, with several National front politicians also under investigation.

Budget-Funding 'Head Count' Scheduled Today In Illinois House
Madigan said Saturday on the House floor that members will convene again Sunday, but no budget bills will be called before Monday. Their rates would increase from about $2,250 annually to about $2,970, depending on how many exemptions they claim.

JPMorgan puts United Kingdom corporate broking in right place
The lender, which had considered making a bid for Worldpay, walked away Wednesday after Vantiv's offer became public. JPMorgan's offer was a cash takeover deal which would value the firm above its share price before yesterday's surge.